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Le portail rinoceros d’informations sur les initiatives citoyennes pour la construction d’un autre monde a été intégré au nouveau site Ritimo pour une recherche simplifiée et élargie.

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Partnership Africa Canada (PAC)

The failure of good intentions : fraud, theft and murder in the Brazilian diamond industry

> Occasional Paper n° 12, May 2005

« Laws for the English to see » (para inglês ver) : this Brazilian expression, still in common usage, dates back to 1830, when Brazil, under pressure from England, began to pass laws against trafficking in slaves. Everyone knew the laws would not be enforced. It was then said, that the laws were only para inglês ver, just for the English to see. They seem to act quite the same with the « Kimberley Process ». Production is mostly in the hands of unlicensed, unregistered garimpeiros or hand miners (...) read

date of on-line publication : 8 February 2007

Partnership Africa Canada (PAC)

Fugitives and phantoms : the diamond exporters of Brazil

> Occasional Paper n° 13, March 2006

Brazil’s diamond sector is in crisis. Three of the country’s largest diamond producers and exporters have been arrested and are now facing an array of criminal charges. A joint task force of Brazil’s Federal Police, Federal Public Prosecutor’s Office and Internal Revenue Service have alleged that the three are behind a mega scheme for smuggling diamonds using fraudulent Kimberley Certificates. According to police, the smuggled diamonds come partly from domestic garimpeiro production, partly (...) read

date of on-line publication : 8 February 2007

Partnership Africa Canada (PAC)

Killing Kimberley ? Conflict diamonds and paper tigers

> Occasional Paper n° 15, November 2006

The « Kimberley Process » began in 2000 as a series of meetings among governments, NGOs and the private sector to solve the problem of conflict diamonds. Eventually, more than 70 governments joined to create the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) which began in 2003 to regulate the international trade in rough diamonds. In some ways, the KPCS has been very successful. But during 2005 and 2006, it started to become clear that the KPCS had weak spots. Implementation in some countries (...) read

date of on-line publication : 8 February 2007


CORRUPTION: Victims, perpetrators and stereotypes

> AfricaFiles Ezine, Vol. 2 (July-December 2005) (...)

Corruption has been identified as one of the biggest obstacles to Africa’s social, economic and political development due to its negative effects on the continent’s stability. In a report presented in September 2002, the African Union (AU) estimated that corruption costs African economies in excess of US$148 billion a year. But how should corruption in Africa be viewed or addressed?
Looking through Other Origins of the Informal Economy in Africa, AU and NEPAD Anti-Corruption Measures, and examining the Nigerian Case Study, this file takes a hard look at those who lecture African nations on governance and corruption.  read

date of on-line publication : 9 December 2005

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