international library for a responsable world of solidarity ritimo

Le portail rinoceros d’informations sur les initiatives citoyennes pour la construction d’un autre monde a été intégré au nouveau site Ritimo pour une recherche simplifiée et élargie.

Ce site ( constitue une archive des articles publiés avant 2008 qui n'ont pas été transférés.

Le projet rinoceros n’a pas disparu, il continue de vivre pour valoriser les points de vue des acteurs associatifs dans le monde dans le site Ritimo.


Children of the Drug Trade: A Case Study of Children in Organised Armed Violence in Rio De Janeiro

> 7Letras, Rio de Janeiro, 2003, 245 p.,pdf

This study was conceived following Viva Rio’s participation in a number of international seminars and events that dealt with the involvement of children in war and major armed conflict. Through this participation, Viva Rio became aware that the role of children and adolescents participating in the territorial disputes of drug factions within Rio de Janeiro has more in common with the lives of ‘child soldiers’ in war situations than with the lives of traditionally defined gang members found in (...) read

date of on-line publication : 18 December 2007

Anti-Slavery International

Child labour

What is child labour? Some types of work make useful, positive contributions to a child’s development. Work can help children learn about responsibility and develop particular skills that will benefit them and the rest of society. Often, work is a vital source of income that helps to sustain children and their families. However, across the world, millions of children do extremely hazardous work in harmful conditions, putting their health, education, personal and social development, and (...) read

date of on-line publication : 30 July 2007

Human Rights Watch

Guinea: Thousands of Girls Face Abuse as Domestic Workers

New Government and UNICEF Should Take Action Against Exploitation and Abuse Thousands of girls employed as domestic workers in Guinea face labor exploitation and physical abuse, Human Rights Watch said in a report released today, on the eve of the International Day of the African Child. The new Guinean government, which took office in March, should fulfill its pledge to improve living conditions for youths, including child domestic workers. The 110-page report, “Bottom of the Ladder: (...) read

date of on-line publication : 26 June 2007

Centre for Crime and Justice Studies

Debating youth justice: From punishment to problem solving?

Far too many children are being criminalised and there are is an urgent need for a new approach to children in trouble, according to a report published today by the Centre for Crime and Justice Studies at King’s College, London. The report Debating youth justice: From punishment to problem solving provides a critical analysis of the youth justice system in England and Wales by experts from the UK and abroad. The collection of essays notes that children are criminalised at the age of ten, (...) read

date of on-line publication : 22 May 2007

Action Aid International

Confronting the Contradictions : the case against the IMF on education

In the world’s poorest countries many children have gone without quality education for far too long, and as a result, the human capital that these countries need to grow and develop sustainably is still in desperately short supply. One reason is that the key ingredient to learning is missing: there are not enough trained teachers. Our research in Malawi, Mozambique and Sierra Leone shows that a major factor behind the chronic and severe shortage of teachers is that International Monetary (...) read

date of on-line publication : 23 April 2007

Struggling to survive : children in armed conflict in the the Democratic Republic of the Congo

> April 2006, 72 p. (pdf)

Children in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) endure some of the most miserable treatment found anywhere in the world, despite outward signs of progress in DRC, such as the creation of a power-sharing transitional government, the presence of the United Nations’ largest peacekeeping operation and billions of dollars granted by donors for postconflict reconstruction. In 2006, DRC continues to endure the world’s deadliest humanitarian crisis, with more than 38,000 people dying every (...) read

date of on-line publication : 14 March 2007


Strong foundations : early childhood care and education

> EFA Global Monitoring Report 2007, 405 p. (pdf)

The Education for All goals focus on the need to provide learning opportunities at every stage in life, from infancy to adulthood, before 2015 - the target year for achieving these goals. Tackling disadvantage and setting strong foundations for learning begins in the earliest years through adequate health, nutrition, care and stimulation. The 1989 United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, ratified by 192 nations, guarantees the rights of young children to survive, develop and (...) read

date of on-line publication : 14 March 2007

Watchlist on Children and Armed Conflict

The power of partnership : guiding principles for partnerships to end violations against children during armed conflict

Appalling abuses continue to be committed against children affected by armed conflict, despite the substantial strides made by the United Nations Security Council and the international community since the adoption of the Security Council’s six resolutions establishing an architecture for monitoring, reporting and eventually holding perpetrators of violations against children accountable. With the adoption of the UN Security Council’s Resolution 1612 in July 2005, and the creation of the (...) read

date of on-line publication : 14 February 2007


The State of the world’s children 2007 : women and children, the double dividend of gender equality

> The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), 2006, 160 p.

The State of the World’s Children 2007 examines the discrimination and disempowerment women face throughout their lives - and outlines what must be done to eliminate gender discrimination and empower women and girls. It looks at the status of women today, discusses how gender equality will move all the Millennium Development Goals forward, and shows how investment in women’s rights will ultimately produce a double dividend : advancing the rights of both women and children. Read the full (...) read

date of on-line publication : 12 December 2006

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