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conceptual mapping > information and communication

information and communication


The Economic Impact of Telecommunications on Rural Livelihoods and Poverty Reduction a study of rural communities in: India (Gujarat), Mozambique and Tanzania

> Project funded by the UK Department for International Development (DFID) - Report, PDF, 447 pages (...)

The last five years have seen tremendous growth in telephone ownership and use in developing countries. Until the mid-1990s, telephones were only available in the urban centres of poor countries. Some African countries had telephone densities as low as one per thousand people. Since then, mobile telephone networks have spread rapidly in most low income countries. Many people, even in low income communities, now own telephones; and most adults make some use of them, wherever they are available, usually relying on public kiosks, phone shops or airtime bought from individual phone owners. The mobile phone has become a symbol of the use of new information and communication technologies (or ICTs) in the developing world.
But what impact has the telephone had on livelihoods - on how people live their lives, protect themselves against vulnerability and take opportunities for a more prosperous future? Do people use the telephone for social or business purposes? How important is it to them in emergencies? Does it make a difference to how they obtain the information they need to run their lives? And how does it fit into the pattern of other communication channels they have available?
Very little substantial or detailed research has been done so far on these questions. The research reported in this document assesses the impact of the telephone on the lives of the rural poor in three developing countries - in the state of Gujarat in India; in Mozambique; and in Tanzania.


date of on-line publication : 25 October 2006


International Governance of Media and Communication: for people, for profit or for power?

> ALAI, 17 November 2005 (...)

Governance of media and communication in society can be for people, for profit or for power. This article presents the ways that media and communications can be used as tools for each of these means and shows how the roles of media and communications demonstrate their need for governance. As media and communications are regarded increasingly with a ‘trade and commodity approach’, the author warns of the growing threat of a media which is controlled by a combination of both politics and business its implications. The article concludes with steps civil society can take to combat this.  read

date of on-line publication : 1 December 2005

Basel Action Network

The Digital Dump: Exporting Re-use and Abuse to Africa

> October 2005, Basel Action Network (...)

This report reveals that up to 75% of the computers and electronics shipped to Africa supposedly for re-use is actually junk, unrepairable and unable to be resold. Much of the useless equipment ends up being dumped and burned in open air dumps and ditches, posing health threats to local residents and workers.


date of on-line publication : 30 November 2005


Wiring Women Won’t Close the Gap

> 18 November 2005, IPS (...)

Despite the declarations of governments participating in the recent WSIS (World Summit on the Information Society), the need to incorporate a gender focus in the efforts to bridge the ‘digital divide’ was somewhat overlooked at the actual event, according to this article. However, the article goes on to stress that simply providing access to the internet is not the only obstacle to be overcome.  read

date of on-line publication : 21 November 2005

Human Rights Watch (HRW)

False Freedom: Online Censorship in the Middle East and North Africa

> November 2005, Human Rights Watch (...)

This 144-page report documents online censorship and cases in which Internet users have been detained for their online activities in countries across the region, including Tunisia, Iran, Syria and Egypt. These attempts to control the flow of information online contradict governments’ national and international legal commitments to freedom of opinion and expression and the summit’s own Declaration of Principles. The report is based on an examination of thousands of Web sites from Middle Eastern countries and interviews with dozens of writers, bloggers, computer experts and human rights activists.  read

date of on-line publication : 21 November 2005

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